OK. I guess I used "just" in terms of being a sequence of simple clicks, relative to more complicated and time consuming things like cloning, retouching, relighting and painting.
I guess you do have a point in that Rasterize to mask is a destructive action, however, in spirit, but not tecnicality, this procedure is non destructive. Rasterize to mask is destructive in the sense that the tonal range that is being selected to be masked is frozen, but the actual painting that is the dodge and burn is non destructive as it is on a separate overlay blend layer from the picture, that can be erased and repainted different colors or tones, and the opacity can be raised and lowered. Definitely more non destructive than dodging and burning directly onto the original image, or having to duplicate it.
Also, doing a bilateral blur on the mask with a high radius and a threshold of about 20-30, to blur the fine details but preserve contrasty edges on the mask is helpful to preserve details if you are very aggressively lifting shadows or lowering highlights (lowering contrast) in the dodge/burn you are applying. This is only worthwhile with extreme dodge . burning that for HDR/ lifting shadows or lowering highlights , however.
Anyway, here's a video I made using this technique for quick manual deep shadows lifting / subtle hdr look, no audio.