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  1. A GREP style for the Runts is just an annoying workaround. But the great advantage is the automation. The alternative is to change as Bhikkhu pointed out to change manually the tracking. However, having an automated process (GREP) is from my experience much better to get rid of runts. For runts, I intend max. 10 characters at the end of a paragraph / not at the end of a column which is an orphan. For runts, iD does not offer an easy 1-click automated process which is annoying. Would be great if AD would have this one day. Dave: If you force two words/runts in the last line of a paragraph with a No Break to stay together... from my experience, they do not make the line before to loose or too tight (Paragraph Composer)... If you made the right settings in the Justification pane (see below my standard settings). In ID the Paragraph end zone in the Hyphenation section effects only left-aligned/ right-aligned/ text. The Paragraph end zone has non-effect on a justified text. There are other two hyphen related functions which I could imagine that many designers would be thrilled to have as automation in AP: 1. A checkbox which prevents hyphening a Word in the 1st line of a column! This automation ID does not offer. Would be great if AP would offer this possibility in the future. 2. The possibility to force-prevent a «SINGEL LETTER LAST WORD» in a line. This issue I also solve in ID with a GREP. I don't know how you think about this issue going manually through the text to eliminate these 1-letter last words especially in left-aligned columns this is very annoying and time-consuming. Bhikkhu: For a Body Tex (justified) I use usually these settings for a line length between 45-75 characters: Justification Word Spacing Min 80% Desired 100% Max. 135% Letter Spacing Min -3% Desired 0% Max. 3% Glyph Scaling 97% 100% 103% > a Glyph Scaling somehow between 1-3%; you practically can’t see with the naked eye. Everything over 3% /-3% is problematic. In ID justification pane: The %values are very abstract (at least to most of the designers I know). But you can approximately convert the %-values into EM-units to get a better feeling for what these %-values mean. The Letter Spacing has the most significant effect, followed by the Glyph Scaling; the Word Spacing has the slightest impact. The average Word Spacing in a font is 1/4 of an EM, which is 250 units. A 10% Word spacing equals a Tacking Value of 25 (units). Most fonts have a Word Space somehow between 200 and 300 units. Therefore a 90% Word spacing (-10%), equals a Tracking somehow between - 20/-30, depending on the font. By experience, I found this Rule of thumb: a Glyph Scaling of -1% (99%) has the same effect in space optimisation as a - 5 Tracking Value. Another Rule of thumb: a Letter Spacing / Tracking between 5-10 is trouble-free and hard to recognise with the naked eye. A tracking between 10-15 is still OK but perceivable. Everything over 20 might do more harm than good. A good question to which I've no good answer is, how to convert the %-Letter Spacing in EM units. This is quite hard because the kerning/ derning classes differ quite a lot. However, in a font, the side-barings of the lower case «n» is between 20 -90 units of the EM («n» and «o» are usually the reference letters for the letter spacing of a font; therefore, they are good candidates to get a rough idea of how a typeface is generally spaced). I know it's a bit abstract discurse but might be of interest to get a better feeling of what these values do.
  2. Would be great if Affinity Publisher could provide sooner or later an elegant way to avoid hyphenating runts In InDesign probably the best way to get rid of runts is to use a GREP Style. Inside of the GREP Style you can apply a new Character Style > Basic Character Formats > No Break > and to Text, you apply this GREP script .{10}\r
  3. You used in your Flow Window the term «Prevent widowed last lines». In this context, the term widow is not a well-chosen terminology. Actually, it is wrong. I suggest using the term «runt» instead of «widowed». David Blatner introduced the term «runt» for this typographic problem. In typography, a «runt» occurs when the last line of a paragraph ends with: - a part of a hyphenated word - or a single short word - or a short lines of text with up to 10-signs at the last line of a paragraph. An exact term of this typographic crime is vague and (historically) does not exist at all. Some call them orphans or widows; others call them runts. You called them widows which I think is confusing and not correct in this context. I agree with David Blatner how proposed the term «runt» and who pointed out that: ...while some people call these widows and other people call them orphans, those terms definitely do not describe short last lines at the end of a paragraph. The terms Orphans and Widows are reserved for other typographic problems. (Orphans are single first lines stranded at the bottom of a column. Widows are single last lines stranded at the top of a column.) That’s why I (Blatner) like the term “runt” when talking about short last-lines in a paragraph. https://indesignsecrets.com/3-ways-to-fix-runts-in-your-text.php I would further suggest giving the user in the Flow Window the possibility to define how much signs are permissible for «Runts». By the way, InDesign is not offering this functionality and is not using the term «runt».
  4. An absolutely essential Baseline Grid functionality is to align text with: «All Lines» or «First Line Only». Making a Magazine without the «First Line Only» is quite annoying. Would be great if you could this essential layout feature implement in version 1.
  5. Baseline Grid: Relative to TOP MARGIN = 0 Start Position Let the Baseline guides visualisation behave like in InDesign. It is very confusing and an unnecessary visual clutter that the baseline guides are visualised outside of the Margins. That's not what Book and Magazine Designers want and expect if the Baseline Grid is set to: « Relative to TOP MARGIN = 0 Start Position ». Suggestion: At least add a checkbox the allows the user to hide the baseline guides outside of the TOP and BOTTOM MARGINS (Type Area). Check how InDesign handles the Baseline Grid visualisation if set Relative to TOP MARGINS (see attached PNG). InDesign shows the baseline guides only inside the Type Area. That's exactly what Magazine and Book designers want and expect for the setting «Baseline Grid: Relative to TOP MARGIN = 0».
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